Hip Replacement Surgery in India - Medical Tourism in India | Best Hospital in India
- Hip Replacement Surgery in India
Hip Replacement Surgery in India
Hip replacement surgery also known as hip arthroplasty is a procedure in which the damaged hip joint is surgically replaced with the use of prosthetics, usually made of plastic or metal component. The prosthetics often consists of the following three parts –
- A stem that adjusts in the thigh bone.
- A ball that is placed in the stem.
- A cup that is placed in the socket of the hip joint.
Hip joint is like any other joint and is subject to “wear and tear” with time either due to arthritis or some major injury. Hip replacement surgery is only performed when the joint pain cannot be relieved anymore with the use of non-surgical treatments and medications.
There are two types of hip replacement surgery- one that involves only the replacement of one hip joint and the other one that requires replacement of both the hip joints and is also known as bilateral hip replacement surgery.
Common Cause of Hip Joint Pain
Arthritis is a disease that affects almost all the joints of the body and hip joint is no exception to it. Some of the most common types of arthritis are –
- Osteoarthritis – Commonly found in people who are 50+ in age, this type of arthritis mostly occurs due to the years of use of the knee joints. The cartilage that cushions the knee bones starts getting fragile and then wears away. The bones without the cover of cartilage start rubbing to each other… the reason for all that chronic knee pain and stiffness.
- Rheumatoid arthritis – Also called as “inflammatory arthritis” is caused due to the inflammation in synovial membrane that engulfs the joint. The inflammation eventually damages the cartilage leading to pain and stiffness.
- Post-traumatic arthritis – This type of arthritis is mainly caused due to a severe knee injury. Fractures in the bone that are around the knee area might damage the articular cartilage during the course of time resulting into knee pain and restricted functioning of knee.
Other underlying issues that causes deterioration in hip joint are -
- Avascular necrosis – When the hip bone gets dislocated or fractured due to an injury the blood supply to the femoral head gets limited this condition is known as Avascular necrosis.
- Childhood hip disease – Some children suffer with hip problem in which the growth of hip joint is not normal and the surfaces of the joints get affected. It can be treated at the early stage also but still after a time it can become a reason for causing arthritis.
When Hip Replacement Surgery is Recommended?
After a thorough checkup and diagnosis, the doctor recommends for a hip replacement surgery. Following can be the reason for you to finally consider a hip arthroplasty or a hip replacement surgery –
- Hip pain that is no longer controllable through medications and is limiting your everyday general activities such as bending or walking.
- Hip pain that is continuing since days even when resting or sleeping.
- Rigidity in the hip joint that restricts the movement of leg.
- Not enough pain relief from medications or other sorts of physical therapies.
In your appointment with an orthopedic surgeon you will have to go through following tests:
- Complete medical history – The surgeon will enquire about your general health and will ask you questions related to your knee pain and how it is affecting your everyday activities.
- Proper knee examination – The surgeon will assess the movement of your hip, strength, stability and the leg alignment.
- X-ray – This is the most important test in assessing the limit of damage and deformity that your knees are suffering with.
- Other types of tests – Some tests such as blood test or MRI scan are conducted on the patient to further determine the damage in the bones and tissues of the knees.
Before The Procedure
- Firstly, your doctor will make you aware of the complete procedure right from starting till the end. Further your enquiries will be properly answered so as to remove any doubt that you have regarding the surgery.
- You will be provided with a consent form that you need to go through in a proper manner and then put your signature on it. During the form filling process you can clarify any questions or doubts if you have.
- Your surgeon might prescribe you complete physical examination or other diagnostic tests before undergoing the surgery so as to monitor the complete medical stats of your body.
- You will be required to fast for around eight hours which mostly starts after midnight.
- Prior to the procedure you will be injected with a sedative that will help you in relaxing.
- Other specific preparations might be suggested to you by the doctor based on your medical condition.
During The Procedure
In a hip replacement surgery, surgeons might decide to operate one hip at a time or if both hip joint replacements are needed then bilateral hip replacement surgery will be performed.
The doctor will most probably opt for minimally invasive hip replacement surgery which takes less of recovery time and healing is also comparatively quick. The total surgical procedure is completed within a span of few hours. During the surgery the orthopedic surgeon replaces the damaged bone and cartilage with plastic, metal or ceramic implants. This procedure restores the proper functionality and movement of the hip bone so that the patient can properly resume with the everyday activities.
Cost of Hip Replacement Surgery in India
The average cost of single side hip replacement surgery in India ranges somewhere in between $4500 USD to $5500 USD, depending upon implant used. For both side hip replacement, price ranges from $7500 USD to $8500 USD. The cost also varies according to the choice of hospital and the duration of stay in the hospital.
Recovery time -
The recovery time for hip replacement surgery varies from one patient to another. Usually patients are discharged from the hospital within five to seven days. The recovery mainly depends on the precautions you take and how well you follow the home care instructions given by the doctor. The overall recovery can take an approx three to six months after which the patient can normally resume with the everyday activities.